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|Name: American Grannom Pupa|
Grannoms build square-shaped cases and live in riffly water or runs with moderate to fast currents. Larvae are sometimes knocked loose, so a cased caddis pattern dead-drifted near the bottom might pick up some fish.
Pupation occurs in the same water that the larvae lived in. During a hatch, dead-drift a pupa pattern near the bottom in riffly water or just below riffles. An unweighted pupa pattern can also be drifted near the surface, or you can present a Soft Hackle with wet-fly swing. Another good strategy is a dry fly with a pupa pattern as a dropper or trailer; the dry fly acts as an indicator and sometimes is taken by the trout.